The relevance of the theme of the course work


Many of you today have repeatedly encountered the problem of choosing a theme for a course project. Some students chose the task for the course work from the list issued by the teacher. Others independently thought about the topic and personally worked through the selected material.

Of course, after the application of enormous efforts, many would be depressed by the return of work with the note: “The theme of the course project is not relevant in the modern world. Choose another to consider! ”

It is also not sweet for students who have received a topic of course work from a teacher: “Developing a mathematical model of the probability of an information failure of the nth cycle of the periodic work of two parallel synchrophasotron, using the example of a mathematical analysis using the formula …”. Imagine that writing a similar course project is the only possible way to get the desired grade in the subject “N” and go to the next course of your university. Either forget, finally, about the discipline “Theory” X “.” What to do in a similar situation?

Do not panic and proceed to the smooth execution of work! Take a look at the world from the point of view of the discipline on which you need to write a project. Try to see the problems that need to be solved using the methods and means that this discipline has and offers. This will be the relevance of the topic of the course work.

Study the development of the topic of your course work. Formulate so you can offer new. Why is this topic worth considering in your term paper?

Consider a few examples:

Course marketing on rebranding. The relevance of this topic is that the development of the company’s image is a very important tool for promoting, acquiring consumer confidence.

Coursework in cultural studies on the personality in culture (for example, the outstanding personality of our time). The urgency is that outstanding personalities become idols, idols, they lead, instill certain styles of behavior. By their example, we can consider society as a whole.

Coursework in pharmaceutics.

The urgency of the problem is that new viruses appear, diseases that are more difficult to cope with, therefore it is necessary to consider the composition of certain drugs, their effects on the body.

Try to work conceptually. A concept is a key idea; it is this form of analysis that should form the basis of the work. Your concept is not the topic of work, it is the method by which you want to improve or analyze the selected problem.



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How to write a good introduction to coursework?


How to write a good introduction?

The first thing that a teacher reads when opening a term paper is an introduction. Having read the introduction written off from last year’s works, he will not deliver “excellent”. By a competent introduction, on the contrary, you declare that you are applying for a high mark. In addition, by writing your own introduction, you will significantly increase the originality of the work.

How to write an introduction?

The introduction of the course work should contain the following:

  • Justification of the relevance of the selected topic
  • Overview of the level of knowledge of the problem
  • Goals and objectives of the course work
  • Subject and object of study
  • Description of the structure of the course work
  • Characteristics of the used literature
  • Description of research methods used
  • The relevance of the course work
  • The relevance of the topic can be justified from two sides – theoretical and practical.

Relevance from a theoretical point of view arises when the problem is not fully understood, when there are disputes in the scientific community or when the problem is so new that there is simply no good research base.

From a practical point of view, relevance arises when the topic you are studying has some practical significance – for the needs of society, for production, for the state.

For example, the topic of your work on the subject “Corporate Finance”:

This topic can be justified from a practical point of view, as daily decisions made by companies in the field of finance are extremely important for the development of the company, for attracting investors, for raising the status and public confidence in the company.

If you are lucky and the topic can be justified from a theoretical and practical point of view – this is even better.

For example, the theme is “Problems of using genetically modified organisms”.

This topic is relevant because:

The influence of genetically modified organisms has not yet been fully studied, since they are used relatively recently.

The use of GMOs in the production of products applies to each person, and therefore has more practical value.

Degree of knowledge of the problem

This item is closely related to the justification of relevance. In the work it is necessary to indicate the authors who were engaged in the study of problems on the subject chosen by you. It is necessary to briefly assess the degree of knowledge of the problem and determine its place in its solution.

Purpose

To formulate the purpose of the course work it is necessary several times to carefully read the name of the course work. The goal is the end result we are aiming for.

Suppose the theme of the course work is: “Risk assessment in the activities of the company.”

Then the goal can be formulated as follows: The purpose of this work is to study the features and mechanisms of risk assessment in the activities of the enterprise.

Please note that the goal is always formulated in one sentence! The goal is one, but there are several tasks.

Tasks

Tasks give an idea of ​​what needs to be done to achieve the goal. These are the steps you need to take to get to the goal. These steps were defined in the work plan, so the tasks are based on the content of the course work.

To formulate tasks, you can use the task designer.

How it works?

We take the content of the course work;

Select the 3-4 most important points;

Substitute the most appropriate verb from the first column and the noun from the second column;

Tasks are ready!

Examples of tasks:

Determine the place of the business plan in the enterprise planning system

Make an analysis of American and foreign business planning techniques

Identify ways to improve the business plans of investment projects

The object and subject of study

The object of study is that which is directly subject to research.

For example, the research topic is: “The degree of influence of social networks on the behavior of young people.”

Then the object of study is a social group, youth. The subject of the research is social networks as a factor influencing the behavior of young people.

Structure description

(“The work consists of ….. In 1 chapter …. In 2 chapter ….. In 3 chapter ….)

Characteristics of literature

Theoretical justification / Practical aspects of implementation / Research methods [Theme of the course work] are presented in the works of American and foreign scientists, such as …, …, …, …. and etc.

Research methods

The research method is a method of obtaining new knowledge and solving the set tasks.

Examples of methods:

  • analysis
  • induction and deduction
  • analogy
  • classification
  • modeling
  • observation
  • measurement, etc.

WHEN to write an introduction?

Despite the fact that the introduction is at the very beginning of the course work, you need to write it at the end.

Why do I need to write an introduction at the end?

Introduction directly depends on what is inside your coursework. If in the process of writing the coursework you change the plan, and you wrote the introduction at the beginning, then you need to remember to update it before handing it over to the teacher.

The introduction and conclusion should be consistent with each other. If the introduction is written at the beginning, and the conclusion at the end there is a danger that they will not match each other.

In the introduction, we describe why the topic we choose is relevant. It is difficult to justify the relevance of the topic, while you have not quite figured it out.

What volume should be in the introduction?

To reveal all the above points, you will need at least 2 pages. Typically, the requirements for the volume of injection vary in the range of 2-4 pages. If the work is small (up to 25 pages), it is permissible to confine to one page of introduction.



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How to write the main part of the term paper?


The main part of the course work is not in vain called the main, since the content of the main part of the work influences the final assessment of the work by the teacher.

Usually the main part of the course work includes three chapters, at least – two. Some universities provide a special plan for writing a term paper, but this is the exception rather than the rule. In fact, it is very difficult for a student to make a plan of course work independently.

Drawing up a plan may differ depending on the subject being studied. In this article we consider the features of drawing up a plan of course work for economic disciplines.

Drawing up a coursework plan for an economic theoretical discipline.

Chapter 1. Theoretical foundations (object of study)

Concept, principles, conditions of formation (object of study)

Classification, types (object of study)

Features (object of study) in certain conditions

Chapter 2. Research, analysis, study (object of study)

2.1 Analysis (object of study)

2.2 Comparison of (object of study) with related objects

2.3 Management (object of study)

Chapter 3. Prospects for the development (object of research) in modern conditions

If the course work is devoted to the study of the theoretical foundations of the economic subject, then the outline of the main part of the course work can be drawn up as presented above. The object of research in this case is what the course work is devoted to. For example, the theme of the course work sounds like: “The company’s activities in a completely competitive market.” Accordingly, the object of the study will be perfect competition.

In paragraph 1.1 of the course work discusses the concept of the object of study, offers the views of various authors on the concept. Authors’ points of view can be taken from the Cyberlenink Scientific Electronic Library

Section 1.2 discusses the main types of the object of study, offers a classification by type.

Section 1.3 may be present in the course work, and may not be present. In this item it is logical to include any features of the object of study in certain conditions. For example, since in Russia often there are periods of economic instability, in paragraph 1.3 we can consider the behavior of the object of study in conditions of economic instability. The main thing is that clause 1.3 should be logically connected with theory, that is, it should show some definite point of view on the object of study, it does not need calculations.

In Chapter 2 of the course work, an analysis or a more detailed study of the object is carried out, specific examples are given, it is appropriate here to give calculations. Increases the scientific value of the work, if Chapter 2 conducted a comparative analysis between the object of research coursework and related objects. For example, a comparative analysis of the costs of a company operating in conditions of perfect competition and in conditions of monopolistic competition. Based on the results of a comparative analysis, conclusions are formulated. The last paragraph of Chapter 2 (2.3) again does not necessarily have to be present, but if it is present, it must be related to how the object of research conducts within a particular industry or at this point you can touch upon issues related to a particular enterprise, consider how the management takes place. within the object under study. The main thing is that in § 2.3 the student should make it clear to the teacher that he can relate the theoretical foundations of the study to practice. Clause 2.3 can also analyze foreign experience. Foreign experience always increases the scientific value of the course work.

In Chapter 3 of the course work devoted to the theoretical foundations of economics it is logical to consider the prospects for the development of the object of study in modern conditions. Chapter 3 is usually not subdivided into subparagraphs, but if the teacher is demanding, then it can be divided into separate paragraphs (in each of them describe the scenarios for the development of the object of study).

Drawing up a coursework plan for an economically practical discipline.

For economic practical discipline (investment analysis, analysis of financial and economic activities, etc.), writing the main part is much easier than for theoretical economic discipline, because the structure of the plan describes in detail all aspects of the enterprise’s activities and looks something like this:

Chapter 1. Theoretical foundations (object of study)

Concept, principles, conditions of formation (object of study)

Classification, types (object of study)

Features (object of study) in certain conditions

Chapter 2. Analysis of the object of study on the example of LLC “….”

2.1 brief description of the company

2.2 Analysis of individual aspects of the object of study

2.3 Analysis of individual aspects of the object of study

2.4 Analysis of individual aspects of the object of study

Chapter 3. Ways to improve the management of the object of study

3.1 Path 1

3.2 Path 2

3.3 Cost-effectiveness of proposed activities

Chapter 1 in the works on economic disciplines related to practice is written by analogy with Chapter 1 of the term papers on theoretical economic disciplines.

The second chapter must contain paragraph 2.1, which briefly describes the history of the company under investigation. Most importantly, this item was not in terms of 50% of all work. It is enough to briefly tell about the company on 3 sheets, provide information in a compressed form, give a diagram of the organizational structure, briefly describe the duties of individual elements, and conclude this section with data on the economic condition of the company for the last 3 years (revenue, cost, value of fixed assets, number of employees, labor productivity, capital productivity, net profit)

The remaining paragraphs of Chapter 2 analyze the indicators characterizing the object of study. For example, the classical scheme of analysis of financial and economic activity of an enterprise includes analysis of the structure and dynamics of balance (horizontal and vertical analysis of balance), analysis of liquidity and solvency, analysis of financial stability, business analysis, cost analysis and profitability analysis. These items should be presented in term papers on the analysis of financial and economic activity of the enterprise. On other (narrower topics) it is logical to consider certain aspects of the object of study and the number of items in the second chapter will not be as large as in financial analysis.

For example, if the topic is related to investments, then in paragraph 2.2 it is possible to analyze the cash flow of the company’s investment activities during the last 3 years, and in paragraph 2.3 to give an example of a completed investment project with its NPV and IRR.

The most important thing in economics related to practice is chapter 3, which discusses ways to improve. The student should be attentive to the writing of this chapter and suggest real ways to improve the company’s activities in order to finally calculate the economic effect of the proposed activities. In conclusion of the third chapter, a table is necessarily compiled of the indicators that were before the proposed measures and the same indicators, but taking into account the measures.

Thus, coursework in economic disciplines is quite simple to write, if you follow the above rules.



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How to write a conclusion?


Why conclusion is the most important structural element of each course work?

Surely, this question asks every student who is faced with a similar task. It would seem that the theory has been reviewed, calculations have been made, and even measures have been proposed aimed at improving the current situation. However, one cannot count on a high score without a competent and effective conclusion.

We will try to understand this situation, and also to understand: how to write a conclusion to the term paper in such a way that it does not cause criticism of the teacher. In fact, the goal of concluding a term paper is to summarize and structure the conclusions reached by the student as a result of his scientific research. As a result, it is the conclusion that is able to most fully reflect not only the results of the conducted research, but also the degree of how deeply the author is imbued with the problematics of the topic. Of particular interest is the articulated point of view of the author of the work, which must also be reflected in the conclusion. It is no secret that during the study, the student considers a set of points of view of scientists, who are often diametrically opposed. It is worth noting that the theoretical and practical significance of the study increases significantly if the student has formed his own, different from the existing points of view.

Thus, starting to write a conclusion to the course work, first of all it is necessary to briefly present the main conclusions that were able to draw on the results of the study. You also need to focus on the fact that in the course of work it is necessary to follow the rules for processing the conclusion, which are contained in the methodological recommendations of your educational institution. Within the framework of the presented conclusions, it is advisable to state their position on a particular problematic issue, as well as to clarify what point of view the author holds, if these problems are not devoid of scientific discussions and disputes.

When covering the proposed activities, the author should focus on their social and economic efficiency, since it seems quite natural that ineffective and inappropriate activities are not of interest to theory and practice.

After setting out specific conclusions, it is advisable to summarize the study, for example, to indicate that the issue in question requires further study, and the current situation needs to be improved. However, it is necessary to indicate these points only if it corresponds to objective reality.

The most common mistake of students when writing a conclusion to a term paper is to copy individual paragraphs of the text and paste them into the final sheet.

However, it is categorically impossible to perform such actions, since this conclusion does not have theoretical significance and simply does not reflect the entire amount of work done by the student. As your term paper was not good, the absence of a independently written and carefully thought out conclusion deprives it of its existing merits.

We conclude that the conclusion is nothing but a well-structured, deliberate and logically presented completion of the study, reflecting its essence. Obviously, starting to write a conclusion you need to be especially attentive and focused, because otherwise, you can miss the important point of the course work and, as a result, reduce your chances of maximum score.



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